Jaipur is one of the most popular tourist hot spots in India. The Camel Festival and other cultural festivals, as well as their folk songs, are well known. The state has some of the most beautiful mountain forts in the world. The art, architecture, folk music, and other cultural events attract hundreds of tourists to this state every year. Jaipur is the capital and largest city of the Rajasthan state of India. As of 2011, the city had a population of 3.1 million, making it the tenth most populous city in the country. Jaipur is also known as the Pink City due to the predominant color scheme of its buildings. The city of Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Raja Jai Singh II of Amer, who ruled from 1699 to 1743. He planned to relocate his capital from Amer, 11 kilometers (7 mi) to Jaipur, to accommodate the growing population and increasing scarcity, water. Jai Singh consulted several books on architecture and architects while planning the layout of Jaipur. Under the architectural guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya.